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14th Annual Conference on Stem Cell & Regenerative Medicine, will be organized around the theme “Stem Cells: Innovations and Applications”
Stem Cell Congress 2020 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Stem Cell Congress 2020
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A cell having ability to develop into specialized cell types in body which replace the damaged or lost cells or tissues. Generally, natural stem cells are classified into embryonic stem cells and adult stem cells and the type of stem cells are reprogrammed in the laboratory are Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell. Basing on the efficiency or potency stem cells are classified into Totipotent, Multipotent, Pluripotent, Oligopotent, Unipotent. Stem cell therapy or regenerative medicine is the treatment method which develops methods to regrow repair or replace damaged or diseased cells, organs or tissues.
The procedure in which the cells are grown in an artificial environment separate from the body is called tissue engineering. It is an improvisation of growing cells than methods of 2D cell culture. The cells growing in 3D artificial environment are more relevant and effective than the cells growing in the 2D surface. The basic method of the 3D cell culture leads to the use of scaffolds which are the engineered materials which leads to cellular interaction in new tissues to be functional.While most meanings of tissue building spread a wide scope of utilizations, practically speaking the term is firmly connected with applications that fix or supplant parts of or entire tissues.
Gene therapy is a way to treat the genetic disorders. The variation in gene therapy is focused on somatic gene therapy and germ line gene therapy relating with viral and non-viral vectors. T-cells are the type of lymphocyte cells which are developed in the laboratory to attack the cancer cells. T-cell therapy is nothing but an immune therapy to treat certain kinds of cancer. The nano therapy is a new trend in the field of medicine which uses nanoparticles to delivery drugs to the targeted body part.
Ageing is the complex process of deterioration of body functions through involvement of body cells and organs. Basically the ageing theory can be divided into two types – hematopoietic stem cell ageing and hair follicle stem cell ageing. Besides these two theories, the other theories of ageing are evolutionary theory, cellular theory, system theory and molecular theory. With ageing the bone marrow cellularity decreases.The foundational microorganism hypothesis of maturing hypothesizes that the maturing procedure is the consequence of the powerlessness of different kinds of immature microorganisms to keep on renewing the tissues of a living being with useful separated cells equipped for keeping up that tissue's unique capacity.
The study of heritable phenotypic change which does not involve any change or alteration in DNA sequencing is known as Epigenetics. These changes make modification in certain gene activities like histone modification, adding a methyl group to a part of a DNA molecule. The DNA alterations are not termed as genetic, rather they are called epigenetic.Early stage immature microorganisms are fit for self-restoring and separating to the ideal destiny relying upon its situation inside the body. Epigenetics has been utilized to allude to changes in quality articulation, which are heritable through adjustments not influencing the DNA arrangement.
Apoptosis is the cell death which leads to a programming sequence of the elimination of old, unnecessary, unhealthy cells. This process is also known as cell suicide. When a cell commits suicide then the caspases become active. The signal transduction is a process in which the signals are transferred in an organism across the cells. In this process the proteins are termed as the receptors. The protein receptor gets signal through a primary messenger and then, undergoes conformational changes which changes its shape and interacts with molecules surrounding it.
Genome altering, or genome building, or quality altering, is a sort of hereditary designing where DNA is embedded, erased, adjusted or supplanted in the genome of a living life form. Not at all like early hereditary designing strategies that arbitrarily embeds hereditary material into a host genome, genome altering focuses on the additions to site explicit areas.The technology which makes specific changes in the DNA of a cell. Genome editing depends on the double strand DNA break which has two major pathway mechanisms – non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) and homologous directed repair (HDR). The genome editing technology heads with the processes like CRISPR, TALEN, ZNF and MAGE.
In a typical stem cell transplant for cancer terribly high doses of chemo are used, sometimes in conjunction with radiotherapy to undertake to kill all the cancer cells. This treatment additionally kills the stem cells within the bone marrow. Soon after treatment, stem cells are given to exchange those that were destroyed. These stem cells are given into a vein, very similar to a blood transfusion. Over time they settle within the bone marrow and start to grow and create healthy blood cells. This process is called engraftment.
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Tissue remodeling is a technique of tissue engineering which involves restoration or reprogramming of tissues. It results in the maintenance and growth of the tissues. The cells which undergo pathological processes in observing the diseases of humans or animals is termed as organ models. Tissue engineering makes the improved format of modeling the phenotypes and screening the therapeutic solutions to the particular disease.
Clinical tissue analysis correlates with histopathology which involves the examination of tissues in order to manifest the diseases. The method requires the hematoxylin and eosin (H and E stain) to identify tissues. Tissue analysis includes the method called Automated Tissue Image Analysis which is a computer controlled method in clinical or medical science, pharmaceuticals, etc.
The material or device or equipment required for treatment or for diagnosis is termed as a biomaterial. The biomaterials have broad application in the clinical or medical science. Hence, to study on biomaterials it is termed as biomaterial science and biomaterial engineering which is profoundly related with biomedical as well as research sector. The application of principles of biology and tools of engineering to create usable, tangible, economically viable products is termed as biomedical application of biomaterials.
The 3D technique is a tissue imitating technology which combines cells and their growth factors along with biomaterials. It is used in printing tissues, cells, organs, etc. it requires bio-ink to print the tissues, cells and organs structurally layer-layer. The methods of 3D bio printing include Pre bio printing, Bio printing and Post bio printing. Organ printing is categorized as Drop-based Bio printing and Extrusion bio printing.Bioprinting can be utilized to print tissues and organs to help inquire about medications and pills. Notwithstanding, rising developments range from bioprinting of cells or extracellular network kept into a 3D gel layer by layer to deliver the ideal tissue or organ. Also, 3D bioprinting has started to fuse the printing of platforms. These platforms can be utilized to recover joints and tendons.
Bioinformatics and computational science are relevant orders enabling computational techniques to break down instinctive information and create calculations and scientific strategies by learning from different orders like software engineering, material science & measurements. This field is picking up significance in different research fields like Neural Networks. Subfields identified with this theme are computational pharmacology, computational immunology, computational disease science, computational neuroscience, and so forth this field is picking up significance in different research fields like Neural Networks. Subfields identified with this theme are computational immunology, computational pharmacology, computational neuroscience, computational disease science and so forth.